Annual financial report 2019 Financial Year

Summary data
A Group Supportive, Efficient and Cooperative
Key financial data
STRUCTURAL RATIOS
Loans to customers
 
56.6%
Direct funding
 
77.8%
Equity
 
8.9%
 
Total assets
RISK MANAGEMENT RATIOS
9.3%
NPL RATIO
55%
Coverage NPL
47.5%
Texas ratio
PROFITABILITY RATIOS
3.5%
ROE
0.3%
ROA
68.6%
cost/income

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Income statement e Group equity structure

Reclassified statement

Reclassified income statement
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Reclassified statement of financial position
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Economic results

Reclassified income statement1

(Figures in millions of euro) 31/12/2019

Interest margin

1,179
Net commissions 644
Dividends 3
Net trading revenues 177
Net interest and other banking income 2,003
Net value adjustments/write-backs (313)
Income from financial activities 1,690
Operating charges* (1,575)
Net allocations to provisions for risks and charges (20)
Other income (charges) 222
Value adjustments to goodwill and other intangible assets (27)
Profit (loss) from disposal of investments and equity investments (5)
Gross current result 285
Income tax (60)
Profit (loss) for the year for minority interests (4)
Net result of the Parent Company 221

* This item includes personnel costs, other administrative expenses and operating amortisation/depreciation.

1 In order to provide a better management representation of the results, the reclassified income statement figures differ from the layouts of the financial statements envisaged by Bank of Italy Circular no. 262 of 2005, 6th update.

 

Financial position aggregates

Reclassified statement of financial position1

(Figures in millions of euro) 31/12/2019
ASSETS  
Cash and cash equivalents 555
Exposures to banks 1,166
Exposures to customers 41,230
of which at fair value 286
Financial assets 26,689
Equity investments 89
Tangible and intangible assets 1,353
Tax assets 872
Other asset items 851
Total assets 72,805
LIABILITIES  
Due to banks 7,474
Direct funding 56,669
Due to customers 50,055
Debt securities in issue 6,614
Other financial liabilities 101
Provisions (Risks, charges and personnel) 386
Tax liabilities 80
Other liability items 1,611
Total liabilities 66,321
Third party minority interests 4
Group equity 6,480
Consolidated equity 6,484
Total liabilities and equity 72,805

1 In order to provide a better management representation of the results, the reclassified income statement figures differ from the layouts of the financial statements envisaged by Bank of Italy Circular no. 262 of 2005, 6th update.

Main strategic business areas of the Cassa Centrale Group
 
 
 
 

Affiliated Banks

The affiliated Banks represent the most important part of the Group’s consolidated assets and the strength of the Group’s current and future development. The affiliated Banks traditionally operate with the aim of fostering the development of communities and the local economy. The principles of mutuality, which characterise cooperative credit, allow banks to play a fundamental role in the national banking industry and be an important reference point for households and small and medium-sized enterprises (hereinafter also “SMEs”).

The Group’s strategic plan aims to develop relationships with households and SMEs by making the most of the territorial network and exploiting synergies, the expansion of the commercial offer and economies of scale resulting from belonging to a Group of national importance.

In general, the structure of cooperative credit banks reflects the nature of territorial banks, characterised by high customer funding deriving from historical ties with the territory to which they belong, a prevalence of loans to counterparties represented by households and small companies and a low ratio of loans to deposits, with excess liquidity invested mainly in government securities.

Below is a summary representation of the main income statement and statement of financial position aggregates of the affiliated Banks, with a focus on the individual territorial areas in which the Group operates.

 

(Figures in millions of euro)

LOANS TO CUSTOMERS Trentino-Alto Adige North East North West Central South and the Islands Total

Gross customer loans

10,164

9,161

9,604

9,581

4,043 42,553
- of which performing 9,152 8,400 8,644 8,717 3,574 38,487
- of which non-performing 1,012 761 960 864 469 4,066
Value adjustments 582 498 586 551 303 2,520
Net customer loans 9,582 8,663 9,018 9,030 3,740 40,033

The operations of the affiliated Banks are mainly concentrated in the northern part of Italy, in line with the territorial structure of the branches.

Total gross loans amounted to EUR 42.6 billion at the end of 2019 (approximately EUR 40.0 billion net of adjustment funds) and was allocated on a uniform basis to four of the five geographical areas into which the Group is divided. There is less of a presence in the South and the Islands area which sees a significant number of affiliated Banks, but on average of small size. In a year in which the many activities connected with the launch of the first Italian Cooperative Banking Group have certainly fully engaged the operating structures, the affiliated Banks have seen a constant growth in the volumes of credit, confirming their central role in supporting the growth, including economic growth, of the reference territories. New credit provisions to both households and local SMEs have grown, in a development that has characterised all territorial areas, but more rapidly for the South and the Islands.

The percentage of impaired loans to gross loans, around 9.3% at Group level, is more virtuous in the North-East and progressively higher in the Central, South and the Islands areas. It should be noted that in all areas, during the Group’s first year of operations, there was a marked reduction in the stock of impaired loans, in line with the Group’s guidelines and strategies.

Confirming the Group’s strong focus on risk management and credit risk management in particular, provisions have been further increased and have reached average coverage levels, for the affiliated Banks, among the highest in the national banking system, despite the sharp decline in the stock of impaired loans.

(Figures in millions of euro)

FUNDING Trentino-Alto Adige North East North West Central South and the Islands Total

Overall funding

19,652

17,166

18,395

15,884

6,416

77,513

Direct funding

13,489 11,343 12,633 11,335 5,717 54,517
Indirect funding* 1,822 5,823 5,762 4,549 699 22,996
- of which administrated 1,822 2,131 2,377 1,460 371 8,161
- of which managed 4,341 3,692 3,385 3,089 328 14,835

* Indirect funding is expressed at market values

 

Direct funding also sees a distribution among the territorial areas proportionally in line with that already described for the credit volumes. All areas show a structural surplus of funding resources in the ratio of lending to funding, which results in a high degree of liquidity for the affiliated Banks and therefore for the Group. The prudent approach to the investment of resources funded from depositors (typically households) historically characterises the operations of the BCC-CR-RAIKAs, which allocate these resources mainly to households and small and medium-sized enterprises in the area of reference.

Administrated and managed funding of the affiliated Banks, amounting to approximately EUR 23 billion, accounts for 30% of total funding, with a differentiated situation at the level of individual geographical areas, spanning from 34% in the North-East to 11% in the South and the Islands. In indirect funding volumes, the incidence of managed and insurance funding products prevails, with the exception of the South and the Islands area where volumes are very low.

This operation has always seen affiliated Banks lagging behind the rest of the banking industry, having historically favoured the placement of direct funding products. The trend has changed in recent years; important investments have been made in the specialist training of staff of the affiliated Banks in order to increase their ability to offer shareholders and customers a high level of advisory support. These investments, supported by the careful research of the Industrial Group’s companies for products suitable for BCC-CR-RAIKAs’ shareholders and customers, is gradually closing the gap, while maintaining a high level of attention to the quality of the overall service offered to the savings customer.

(Figures in millions of euro)

MARGINS AND COMMISSIONS Trentino-Alto Adige North East North West Central South and the Islands Total
Interest margin

266

238

229

257

145

1,136

Net commissions 112 125 130 127 53 547
Net interest and other banking income 413 388 389 420 222 1,832

 

The income contribution from the interest margin for the affiliated Banks amounts to approximately EUR 1.1 billion, equal to 62% of net interest and other banking income, with a higher percentage in the South and the Islands and Trentino-Alto Adige.

The contribution of the interest margin to overall profitability is high, confirming the predominantly traditional banking operations that characterise the affiliated Banks and therefore the Group as a whole. The main source of income remains the traditional activity of collection of savings and lending in the territories where the affiliated Banks are located. To this must be added the investment of excess liquidity mainly in securities of government issuers or in relation to the Parent Company.

The prevailing market conditions have for years now seen interest rates at an all-time low. These conditions have contributed to the gradual reduction of the contribution of the interest margin to primary profitability. The ability of the affiliated Banks to offer shareholders and customers services capable of completing the commercial offer and increasing margins from services, is becoming increasingly decisive. This path will continue, but always with a strong focus on the protection of shareholders and customers in compliance with the cooperative principles that are the basis of the operations of the affiliated Banks.

The net commissions of the affiliated Banks totalled EUR 547 million, with a contribution which shows a fairly uniform distribution in the Centre and North of Italy. The percentage of net commissions is increasing for the Group as a whole and for the individual territorial areas, confirming the progressive greater capacity of the affiliated Banks to diversify their sources of income. The average contribution of the net commissions of the territorial areas to net interest and other banking income is 30%, with the territorial incidence spanning from 24% in the South and the Islands to 33% in the North-West.

 

The Industrial Group is represented by the Parent Company and the subsidiaries and associates that operate in different areas of activity, namely:

  • ICT and back office services, with the subsidiary Allitude S.p.A. (hereinafter also “Allitude” and until the subsequent integration into Allitude: CESVE S.p.A. and Bologna Servizi Bancari S.r.l. (hereinafter also “CESVE” and “BSB”);
  • leasing services, with the subsidiary Claris Leasing S.p.A. (hereinafter also “Claris Leasing” or “Claris”);
  • insurance services, with the subsidiaries Assicura Agenzia S.r.l. and Assicura Broker S.r.l. (hereinafter also “Assicura Agenzia” and “Assicura Broker”);
  • collective asset management services, with the subsidiary Nord Est Asset Management S.A. (hereinafter also “NEAM”);
  • other ancillary services, with the subsidiaries Centrale Credit Solutions S.r.l., Centrale Soluzioni Immobiliari S.r.l., Centrale Casa S.r.l. and the associate Centrale Trading S.r.l.

Below are the main figures for the Industrial Group as at 31 December 2019.

(Figures in millions of euro)

LOANS TO CUSTOMERS* 31/12/2019

Gross customer loans

1,294

- of which performing 1,169
- of which non-performing 125
Value adjustments 97
Net customer loans 1,197

* Management data including all intra-group eliminations.

With regard to loans to customers, the contribution of the Industrial Group to the Cassa Centrale Group’s statement of financial position is mainly due to the activities of the Parent Company and the subsidiary Claris Leasing. Gross loans to customers, amounting to approximately EUR 1.3 billion, are in fact concentrated on these structures and provisions for adjustment funds of approximately EUR 95 million have been set aside with net loans amounting to EUR 1.2 billion.

 

(Figures in millions of euro)

FUNDING* 31/12/2019

Overall funding

6,776

Direct funding 2,152
Indirect funding** 4,623
-of which administrated 2,657
- of which managed 1,966

* Management data including all intra-group eliminations.
** Indirect funding is expressed at market values.

Funding from customers of the Industrial Group amounted to EUR 6.8 billion and was attributable to the Parent Company. EUR 2,2 billion is composed of direct funding which is mainly represented by transactions with the counterparty Cassa di Compensazione e Garanzia. Indirect funding 7, on the other hand, amounted to approximately EUR 4.6 billion, of which EUR 2.0 billion, or 43%, related to assets under management, with operations mainly related to asset management products, while assets under administration amounted to EUR 2.6 billion and represented 57% of indirect funding, with operations mainly in the bond market.

*** The indirect funding represented refers to the component placed by Cassa Centrale Banca directly with customers and does not include the component placed through banks.

Significant events
The main events of the year ended 31 December 2019
 
Business outlook

In a global macroeconomic scenario that presents uncertain prospects also conditioned by the risks associated with geopolitical tensions, the tariff disputes initiated by the U.S. administration and the slowdown in economic activity in a number of major countries in the euro zone, the dramatic spread of the Covid-19 epidemic, starting from China, became apparent in the first quarter of 2020.

The explosion of the Virus and its rapid spread, resulting in its status as a pandemic, have generated significant impacts from a health, social, economic and financial aspect, for vast areas of the world.

 

Approfondisci
Uno sguardo al 2020

In uno scenario macroeconomico globale che presenta prospettive incerte condizionate anche dai rischi connessi a tensioni geopolitiche, alle dispute tariffarie avviate dall’amministrazione statunitense ed al rallentamento dell’attività economica in alcuni importanti paesi dell’area euro, nel primo trimestre del 2020, si è manifestata, a partire dalla Cina, la drammatica diffusione dell’epidemia di Covid-19. L’esplosione del Virus e la sua rapida propagazione, tale da essere definita pandemia, hanno generato impatti rilevanti sotto il profilo sanitario, sul tessuto sociale, economico e finanziario di vaste aree del mondo.

Per arginare la sua diffusione e contenere l’emergenza sanitaria, i governi dei paesi colpiti, a partire dalla Cina, hanno attuato provvedimenti restrittivi quali la limitazione al movimento delle persone, la chiusura degli esercizi commerciali e la sospensione della produzione o di alcune filiere produttive, determinando nell’immediato possibili danni collaterali alle catene di fornitura globali, un calo dei consumi ed un crollo della fiducia. Al fine di contenere gli effetti di tali dinamiche, le autorità sono intervenute con piani di stimolo economico che prevedono misure espansive di politica fiscale, monetaria ed allentamenti regolamentari. Gli effetti di queste manovre hanno generato elevata incertezza sulle prospettive dell’economia globale con uno scenario per il 2020 che si prevede sarà recessivo.

Anche in Europa il Virus si è diffuso molto rapidamente ed il deterioramento del quadro congiunturale, conseguente anche alle politiche di contenimento del contagio, sta spingendo le economie dell’area in uno stadio di profonda recessione imponendo alle autorità la ricerca di soluzioni forti, coordinate, tempestive ed innovative per fronteggiare l’emergenza e rilanciare la crescita economica. In questo senso, per le autorità di governo è aperta una discussione sull’opportunità di introdurre forme di supporto comunitario per sostenere gli interventi di natura fiscale volti a sostenere famiglie e imprese in difficoltà.

L’Italia, tra i primi paesi dell’Europa ad essere interessata dagli sviluppi del contagio, per contenere l’emergenza sanitaria ha adottato progressive e severe misure di distanziamento sociale sia in termini di estensione territoriale, partendo dalle regioni del nord, sia in termini di blocchi produttivi che principalmente interessano la filiera del turismo, i macrosettori trasporti e logistica, distribuzione ed in genere attività di servizio e manifatturiere non indispensabili. Il Governo, nei limiti derivanti dagli equilibri di finanza pubblica ed al fine di attenuare una preannunciata dinamica severamente recessiva, è intervenuto con misure a sostegno della perdita di reddito delle famiglie, per impedire crisi di liquidità nelle imprese e per attenuare la riduzione dei consumi e degli investimenti.

Per effetto di tale epidemia, anche il settore bancario si trova a dover fronteggiare una situazione complicata dovendo gestire le ripercussioni derivanti dagli effetti attesi dello scenario recessivo. In questo contesto, le misure annunciate dalle autorità europee unitamente agli interventi previsti nel decreto c.d. “Cura Italia” potranno contribuire a contenere gli effetti recessivi, limitare la contrazione del credito e, almeno inizialmente, ridurre la crescita delle esposizioni deteriorate contenendo l’aumento del costo del rischio.

Le strategie di riduzione del credito deteriorato volte ad un progressivo miglioramento della qualità degli attivi rimarranno un’opzione perseguita dall’industria bancaria, ma dovranno necessariamente tener conto del mutato contesto economico e degli impatti che quest’ultimo potrà avere sulla profittabilità delle banche. I tassi di interesse bancari attivi e passivi sono attesi stabili, confermando una dinamica sostanzialmente piatta della forbice bancaria complessiva. La crescita del margine di interesse è limitata dalle dinamiche di contrazione del credito e da margini unitari contratti a causa della competizione sui segmenti con più alto merito creditizio.

Un contributo positivo arriverà dal contenimento dei costi del funding riferiti alle nuove aste T-LTRO ed ai recenti annunci sul fronte della politica monetaria, sebbene gli spazi di riduzione dei costi complessivi della raccolta risulteranno limitati dal livello minimo già raggiunto dai tassi di interesse sui depositi. L’elevata incertezza sulla durata della pandemia, l’atteso peggioramento della congiuntura economica globale e le tensioni riscontrate nei mercati finanziari tenderanno ad accentuare, per il 2020, la domanda di forme di investimento a basso contenuto di rischio. La maggiore avversione al rischio delle famiglie potrebbe rallentare gli investimenti di liquidità in strumenti di gestione del risparmio, portando quindi un minor apporto di tali strumenti in percentuale sul totale dei ricavi.

Un minore contributo alla redditività arriverà anche dai servizi di pagamento e di gestione della liquidità anche per effetto dei blocchi di operatività di famiglie e imprese, della maggior pressione competitiva, soprattutto di operatori non bancari, e del processo di trasformazione digitale. In un quadro di debolezza dell’attività bancaria tradizionale, il miglioramento dell’efficienza operativa, la riduzione dei costi e nuove strategie di business si confermano le principali leve per il recupero della redditività del settore.

L’attuale situazione di crisi sanitaria impatterà anche sull’operatività del Gruppo Cassa Centrale, in considerazione del fatto che l’attività delle Banche affiliate è principalmente rivolta al credito tradizionale, nei confronti di famiglie e piccole e medie imprese dei territori di insediamento.

Il piano operativo del Gruppo Bancario Cooperativo dell’esercizio 2020 è stato definito ed approvato prima dell’insorgenza della crisi in atto e contemplava un’evoluzione positiva delle masse di credito unitamente ad una decisa crescita delle masse di raccolta indiretta.

È di tutta evidenza come il repentino cambio del contesto operativo porti a dover ritenere superate le linee di indirizzo definite solo pochi mesi fa.

In questo nuovo contesto economico e sociale, il Gruppo indirizzerà la propria attenzione da un lato a sostenere con forza il tessuto economico dei territori di riferimento, che si trovano ad affrontare una crisi mai vissuta in passato, e dall’altro a presidiare il complessivo profilo di rischio.

La dinamica della raccolta da clientela risentirà anch’essa della situazione contingente, ma è possibile che gli standard di solvibilità del Gruppo Cassa Centrale, tra i più elevati dell’intero sistema bancario europeo, possano rappresentare per i soci e clienti depositanti un rifugio sicuro in un momento di grande incertezza.

Per tale motivo potrebbe verificarsi un ulteriore incremento della raccolta diretta che andrebbe ad aumentare il già elevato indice di liquidità di cui oggi gode il Gruppo. Per gli stessi motivi è possibile che il flusso di raccolta diretto verso le forme di risparmio gestito possa subire un rallentamento a causa della situazione di incertezza che si è venuta a creare sui mercati finanziari nel corso del primo trimestre. Nel 2020 continueranno le attività correlate alla strutturazione organizzativa ed operativa del Gruppo considerando inoltre che il nuovo contesto richiederà ulteriori investimenti in tecnologia e capitale umano.

Vista l’evoluzione repentina dello scenario esterno, derivante dall’emergenza in corso e le possibili ripercussioni economiche, il Gruppo sta monitorando il fenomeno al fine di individuare tempestivamente i potenziali impatti sull’esercizio 2020.

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